Azerbaijan Athletics Federation was established in 1923 and reorganize in 1992. Azerbaijan Atletics Federation is a member of International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and Asian Athletics Association of Federations since 1992. Azerbaijan Athletics Federation elected as amember of European Association of Athletics Federation at the request of AAF on International Association of Athletics Federations Congress in Seville, Spain in 1999.

The first athletics tournament in the capital of Azerbaijan, Baku was held in 1992. In the coming years athletics improved in Azerbaijan. Thus, honored coach of the USSR Afghan Safarov played a great role in development of athletics in Azerbaijan.

Below are the names of the athletes who have achieved great results in Azerbaijan. USSR, Europe, and world records were set by Galina Ganeker, Isay Papkov, Stanislav Neshayev, Khandadash Madatov, Yuri Kanovalov, Ziba Alasgarova, Valeri Sereda, Nina Brintseva. Two-time Olympic relay silver medal holder (Melbourne 1956 and Rome 1960) Y.Konovalov, and Alexander Kornelyuk won silver medal in European Championship (Finland, 1971) and the Munich Olympics (1972). In 1979, Vladimir Tsepelev was awarded first place at the winter European Championship held in Vienna, Austria.

Tsepelev won long jump competition and determined Azerbaijani record (8.03) of the Soviet Union Torunament in Tbilisi. In 1980-90 the Azerbaijani athletes have been winners of USSR and international competitions. Vasif Asadov the Soviet Union in the triple jump three times (1983, 1984, 1988) was awarded the title of champion of the Soviet Union in the triple jump (1983, 1984, 1988) and the European Championship bronze (1988) medal winner in the triple jump.

Since 1993, the AAF has been operating as an independent body to manage the athletics. Samad Salehov was elected as the first president of AAF. Elkhan Aghayev has led AAF since 1994. Since 1996, Chingiz Huseynzade was elected as the president of AAF.